Severely Isolated Producers
African producers who suffer severe economic consequences of extreme isolation from final consumers may be the last to overcome poverty. There are 15 landlocked countries in Africa, with a total population of 240 million and large numbers of people live more than 250 miles from an international port on the coast (see map).
When cosmetic importers offer $6/kg (2.2 lbs) for East African Shea butter, payable in Mombasa, there is less than 50 US cents as producer income after the transport cost from Gulu, northern Uganda to Mombasa. The majority of Shea producers live north and west of Gulu, so they earn virtually nothing on the current terms offered by foreign importers.
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